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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 25, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> wheat entered gaddafi's underground construction -- command center. >> the libyan leader remains at large. he called on his supporters to march on tripoli and kill the rebels. >> here comes irene, she swept through the bahamas.
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now the east coast is bracing for this storm. so steve jobs resigns because of his health. how will the company do without him? hello and welcome to tripoli, a city which is very slowly resuming some of its normal rhythms. more shops were opened. for the most part, the streets remained deserted. many of the streets have check posts. gaddafi loyalists who are well armed and well trained and are very defiant and they are putting up a fight. there is a firefight close to his former compound he could be hidings pence of there is still intense fighting is to this district of the south, the place of the notorious prison.
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some of these prisoners have managed to escape but there has been fierce fighting involving snipers who have been killed. many of the injured have been arriving for medical treatment. at the compound, the compound remains under rebel control. a lot of firing their. there is an underground complex of tunnels. my colleague was there to see it. >> descending into colonel gaddafi's underground fortresses. a warren of tunnels which runs 4 miles and could have been his escape route. today, rebel fighters are taking the tour to see where gaddafi's troops had been held up. abandoned in a quarter, some of their supplies. in this underground labyrinth,
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this secret world was well constructed. the ceilings here high and solid. this is a motorized cart. who knows if the libyan leader was transported through the tunnels in his cart. the libyan leader thought he would not be disturbed here behind these reinforced doors. while he might have been able to flee into the shadows, above- ground, others were cut down in the battle for tripoli. at the edge of the compound, we found bodies lying where they fell. we cannot say who killed them but this man appears to have been executed. his hands were still abound. a short distance away, the rebels are hunting for a sniper's nest. up ahead, a bigger threat, the
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enemy troops. that was the answer. soon, a full-scale street battle. the fighters were dangerously exposed. they brought out their improvised big guns. also there rocket-propelled grenades. >> they believe that these are colonel gaddafi's troops. they have been trying to forestall them. for about an hour, we were pinned down.
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essentially, we managed to get away. this was just one pocket of resistance. who knows how many more there may be. and how long it will take to free -- this man told us that his entire family is trapped behind enemy lines. i am ready to die to get them out, he said. the rebels are tightening their grip here. these are still dangerous days. >> of the search is on for the libyan leader, colonel gaddafi, more than a million-dollar bounty. finding him is a main party with the rebels and their international factors. they believe that while he remains alive and at large, he is a destabilizing influence.
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he dominated the country's politics for more than four decades and he reappeared for an audio message. he called on his supporters to march in tripoli to kill what he describes as the rebel rasped. >> take to the streets and fight the power of martyrdom and victory has arrived. advanced everywhere, everywhere, until the enemy is defeated fight them, to feed them as soon as possible. you are the overwhelming majority. >> more evidence has been found of abuses carried out by both sides. there are reports from international -- amnesty international and the red cross. they said that hundreds of
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visitors are capped because it is not clear if they are in the hands of colonel khadafy loyalists or the rebel forces. journalists came upon a site in tripoli where at least -- corpses were found. my colleague went to visit a hospital in tripoli today where a british doctor said that they have evidence of war crimes being committed. >> outside of the hospital in tripoli, they are loading the remains of 17 men onto a truck. their bodies were brought here yesterday handed over to a shocked and horrified staff. they think that the 17 men were picked up by gaddafi forces and taken to a school house which was used as a temporary prison. they were then tortured and as the gaddafi forces retreated,
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they were executed. i have been inside and one of the victims appeared to be about 15 years old. this is the scene of a war crimes investigation. this doctor is suddenly its chief investigator. >> we spent time examining the body. this is evidence for the international criminal court. about half of the bodies had bullet wounds to the back of the head. >> inside the hospital, it is crowded with wounded civilians. in this ward, we find the only survivor of the school executions. >> he says they were tortured
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for days. urine was poured over them. they were ordered outside. the men were made to kneel against a wall and then sprayed with machine-gun fire. if they do catch gaddafi allies, evidence from unlike this will be crucial to the prosecution at the hague. what is the last areas were, gaddafi loyalists are putting up a tough fight is the colonel's home town which lies halfway between the capital of tripoli and the rebel headquarters in benghazi in the east. there were reports of nato bombardments of sorts. there are reports of possible negotiations for a peaceful surrender. some of gaddafi's supporters are fighting on. the rebel forces are streaming into the area and my colleague is traveling with them.
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>> this is not over yet. the battlefield shrinking. these rebels are pushing up reinforcements and they are facing a stubborn enemy. colonel gaddafi hometown the 60 miles from here. his forces had been expected to retreat there to make a last stand but they have not been falling back, far from it. >> we are engaged with the enemy from this morning. they are still attacking. >> this group of rebels believes there facing more than a thousand gaddafi's troops a few miles up the road.
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they are baffled by the continued resistance. >> gaddafi ran away, we got tripoli, game over. apparently, it is personal. they must believe in this guy, i don't know. we have him in a corner now, just a matter of time. >> the rebels hope that talks with tribal leaders will end this peacefully. if not, they are building of forces on either side of the town. the military commanders had predicted that once, gaddafi was removed from power, its followers would simply give up the fight. some of the loyalists are confounding those expectations and determined to fight the last few slivers of territory which belong to the old regime. this afternoon, exchanges between the gaddafi troop artillery and rebel tanks.
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both sides seem to be digging in for a long struggle. >> that is how it looks. there are still some areas of strong resistance. there is evidence of human rights abuses submitted by both sides. the search for colonel gaddafi goes on as he emerges again. many libyans with like the situation to stabilize as soon as possible. i sent you back to the studios. >> with all this going on and gaddafi's still not found, what is the future look like for today from libya? i'm joined by a senior fellow from the u.s. institute for peace. thank you for joining us.
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we are getting from sour reports that there are human rights abuses from both sides. how critical is this issue of retribution for future stability? >> the next three weeks are really critical. it is important that the council tried to move from benghazi to tripoli so there is not a chance that the capital disintegrate into chaos. there is not this opportunity to seek vengeance. the militias are broken up into lots of different groups. it is important for the political leaders to move again and take control so it is not the military forces on the ground determining what has happened next. >> they are running a city, does that make you think that they will be able to run the whole country? >> this has a number of bad
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marriages. one is that you have this experiment that has taken place where they have had to do everything to deal with the international community and figure out how to pick up garbage. they have had to let people who wanted to participate form groups and figure out how to run their neighborhoods and that has begun to happen and that is important. >> has this work in benghazi? >> this is messy. pretty democracy is messy. they also have more advantages than of the other 22 countries in that they have a very small population. they have a lot of oil resources. they could get half of the production. this will provide the kind of tangible things that people want in the not too distant future.
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we are talking years, decades, before they can address the problems of 85 million people. >> given the iron grip that gaddafi has unlike the education, judiciary, civil service, police force, is this something that the rebels can and where it and build on? >> they will have to start from scratch. you have 80% literacy in libya. that gives people a starting advantage. with the police, they will probably do, they will probably try to sit through those who are loyal and functionary and have needed a job. the council must move very quickly. there is a danger for the two halves of libya. western tripoli and eastern benghazi will fall into this.
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>> as hurricane irene pummels the bahamas, members of the east coast prepare for the arrival. >> drought has brought hundred, disease, and death to millions of people. aid agencies have spent millions of dollars on the supplies. how is this being spent? we tracked some of the british aid and we report from the refugee camp in kenya. >> on its way to east africa, water, sanitation and equipment being loaded onto a british airways flight destined for what is the world's biggest refugee camp. a little over 48 hours later, the supplies reached -- after
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being trucked across kenya. there is an urgency about the unloading, about keeping pace with the ever swelling number of refugees. already the funding has meant there is a growing number of these water points helping to reduce the risk of disease and making an immediate difference in the refugee's living conditions. >> they had to line up for many hours. the women would sometimes be attacked. >> they keep coming at a rate of about 1500 a day. it seems that whatever they have achieved by getting more aid, this is having little impact of the flow of people into kenya. that means no let up in the pressure of the huge relief pressures. the british government is among the donors of finding food
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rations including special products to combat malnutrition. the stock the part that brought him to their place of refuge takes this on the final leg of its journey. >> just days after an earthquake hit virginia, and evidence of the east coast are bracing themselves for the arrival of hurricane irene which has already battered the bahamas. the storm is expected to hit new york and boston over the weekend and residents in north carolina have been told to evacuate. >> introducing irene, 150 miles an hour of menace.
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the hurricane toppled trees and power lines. entire homes have been swept away. >> this is 65 miles northeast of nassau. >> a sense of irene's scheerer the normandy. 500 miles from one side to the other and bearing down from one side to the other. many are getting out now rather than to risk the winds and the massive tidal surge. >> this is a bad storm that is directly and it will not take much of an elevation of sea level to create a lot of havoc. >> u.s. navy is moving warships away from their base in virginia. along the east coast, committee's right up to new york and -- are bracing themselves for what might lie ahead.
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>> 35 years ago, a man co- founded a small computer company that grew so large that it now dominates the computer world. that man is stepping aside. steve jobs is resigning as apple's chief executive. will apple ever be the same without him? >> from the apple macintosh to the ipod to the ipad, this is the company that have persuaded consumers to pay top prices. >> we will make some history to get it today. >> now he is stepping down. steve jobs has been in poor health for some time. he wrote, i have always said
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that if there ever came a day where i could no longer to meet my duties and expectations, i would be the first to let you know. unfortunately, that day has come. >> you have to seen some pictures of mcintosh, now i would like to show you macintosh in person. >> jobs was forced out of apple in the 80's. not everyone liked his autocratic style. "steve jobs is lucky enough to have been here for some time. i don't think there is someone who has been as influential. >> think different, this was the way he ran his business.
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the ipod camp along and changed everything. apple had never made it a mobile phone. the iphone change the industry. his firm will have to think different. continuing to break new ground without the man -- apple will be a challenge. >> i think it will be hard for them to really find that level of commitment to passion. there are extraordinary people at apple and this is one of the great companies in the world. >> the firm's a new leaders will have to show that they can spot the next big thing. >> steve jobs retiring. now to another technology giant with more global reach.
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did you ever think it will make it to one of the most remote corners of the world? dolphins in the heart of a tropical jungle. the ecosystem is coming to your computer screen. google's street few technology has arrived in the amazon forest. the only way to get around is on the water. this is floating down a stretch of the amazon, the camera records everything it passes and it brings it into life in one of the most inaccessible places on the planet. to capture life in the
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committees, this is mounted on a tricycle. villages had been trying to operate the equipment so they can continue to show their corner of the jungle to the watching world. they will also mount the rain forests moving among the life with the rotating camera and the lands. google has been accused of invading people's privacy during filming. they seemed more excited by the opportunities it may offer. >> it is fund and we also learned a lot. >> the pictures will not have the sound and smells of the jungle. there is the sensation of the refreshing dip in the river. the hopes are that they will
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encourage people to have this experience firsthand. >> it will take several months before processing the images. >> a quick reminder of our main stories. a new audio message has been broadcast from colonel gaddafi urging libyans to destroy the rebels. pro gaddafi rebels have been fighting near the compound. there has been unconfirmed claims that gaddafi or his sons might be hiding in the area. thank you so much for watching. we will see you here tomorrow.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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